BITTER TRUTHS BEHIND CAUVERY AWARD

LACK OF POLITICAL WILL OF THE UNION GOVERNMENT
DEPRIVED TAMILS OF CAUVERY WATERS FOR DECADES

Poets are respected beyond cultures. Suppose in Karnataka there exists a British settlement, naturally the British people would install the statue of Shakespeare. Such statues will be honored in any civilized country, except under Talibans. On par with Talibans, we cannot equate Kannada people. But certain political leaders of Karnataka who have lost their mental equilibrium have made an issue out of Saint Thiruvalluvar’s statue. On the banks of Ulsoor lake a statue of Saint Thiruvalluvar was unveiled under Bangarappa’s rule and many Chief Ministers have occupied his seat with decades passing, yet the unveiled statue remains wrapped in gunny bag without public view and is guarded by gun wielding police men. In whole of India the statues of many leaders and Poets are respected and no issue is made out of any statue. No statue in India is under police custody beyond life sentence too. Saint Thiruvalluvar’s statue faces such ignominy because of handful of Taliban type Kannada terrorists. Now it is the turn of Cauvery water to be made a pawn in the power play of these Kannadabans.

Dravida Peravai recalls the memorandum it sent to then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 24.4.1998. Let me quote extracts from that letter.

“In civilized society disputes of whatever nature will be either resolved through mutual discussions or by third party mediation be it government or courts. It is needless to recall that the Indus water dispute between India and Pakistan stands settled. The Danube water dispute among 8 European nations, the Tangus water dispute between Spain and Portugal, the Tennessee water dispute among 8 states of USA have all been resolved amicably, while the Cauvery water dispute still evades settlement due to lack of political will on the part of successive Union Governments. It will be appropriate to point out that all these inter state river water disputes were settled only by upholding and accepting the priority principle in favour of lower riparian states.

While much water has flown in Cauvery within Karnataka, the legitimate share of lower riparian states of Tamilnadu and Pondicherry has dwindled year after year. We bring out this fact as follows:

Year             Agreement                                                  Share ofTamilnadu/Pondicherry

1924    Agreement between Madras Presidency and Mysore State during British period                                                                                             575.68 TMC

[Comments: Under this agreement based on Nile river settlement Tamilnadu got 489 TMC approximately]

1972     G.C.Committee Report                                                                         489 TMC

[Comments: Tamilnadu, Karnataka and Kerala utilized 489, 177 and 5 TMC respectively as per the formula in this report accepted by the Chief Ministers of 3 states stated above]

1972    On 31.5.1972 in the presence Union Minister for Water Resources K.L.Rao three states agree                                                                                 489 TMC

1974   Meeting of Chief Ministers convened by Union Irrigation Minister Jagjivan Ram agree for                                                                                       status quo

1978   Compromise worked during the period of Emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi                                                                                      489-100 = 389 TMC

[Comments: This grave injustice perpetuated by Indira Gandhi’s emergency rule reduced 100 TMC overnight and deprived Tamilnadu and Pondicherry its due share. Tamilnadu did not ratify this]

1980   Karnataka’s own proposal on the basis of total flow in Cauvery during previous 75 years                                                                                                      375 TMC

[Comments:  This proposal suggested 47 percent, 47 percent, 5 percent and 1 percent shares for Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Pondicherry in the total flow of the river]

1990 Statement of Karnataka Chief Minister Veerendra Patil                                                                              489-73 = 416 TMC for Tamilnadu
                                                                                                                                                                                      177+73 =250 TMC for K”nataka
[Comments: Karnataka which was receiving 177 TMC under previous arrangement now will use 250 TMC and this satisfied Karnataka Chief Minister Mr.Patil as Tamilnadu agreed to this proposal]

1991     Interim order of Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal on 25.6.1991                                                                                                                    205 TMC

Having traced the history I think I have made it clear that Tamilnadu’s share has been on decline and great injustice is inflicted upon Tamil people. The major lacunae in the Tribunal’s order is that it fixed the quantum on the basis of the average flow into the Metur Dam of Tamilnadu and not on the basis of the average of the total flow in the entire Cauvery.

On July 25 th of 1991 Karnataka urgently convened the legislature and upper house and passed Cauvery Irrigation Protection Act, which was against the Constitution of India since it defies the highest Court of the land.

So goes on the Dravida Peravai memorandum to then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and its concluding prayer is as follows:

As per the 1991 census out of the total population of 55.60 millions, 16.85 million people live in the Cauvery river basin, By 2001, the total population of Tamilnadu is expected to increase to 95 millions and in this increase particularly in Cauvery river basin the figures will be around 29 million people. The cultivable lands in Cauvery basin, which stood at 39.83 lakh hectares, have come down to 28.94 lakh hectares. While population is on increase cultivable lands are diminishing in Cauvery basin. Union Government by its inaction is driving Tamils into the Kalahandi syndrome.

The Center should under section 6 [a] of Interstate Water Disputes act 1956 frame schemes to implement interim award and let the final award also be complied with.

The Cauvery River Water Disputes Tribunal had given its final verdict in 2007.All these years the farmers of Cauvery river basin, particularly in Tamil Nadu had lost crores and crores due to crop losses and agricultural labourers lost work and famine haunted their homes. Apart from delayed justice, there is need to compensate for all these losses. Though in between paltry pittances had been given by Tamilnadu and Pondicherry on year by year basis according to exigencies, the Center has failed to implement the Interim Award and now also we cant be sure of Final Award being implemented soon, it is necessary to pay heavy compensations from National Calamity Fund to Cauvery delta farmers, The Karaikal Struggle Group had demanded on 6 th Febraury 2007. After the revamp of Karaikal Struggle Group while introducing the new 36 office bearers, I who was chosen as Honorary President addressed the press conference at Karaikal, wherein this demand was made.

KARNATAKA GAINS IN FINAL AWARD

All advocates who advocated the cause of Karnataka before the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal are of the view that Karnataka had gained by this final verdict. The Interim award told to allocate 205 TMC Cauvery Water to Tamil Nadu. But 227 TMC water was given. In addition within Tamilnadu catchments areas the river basin got 25 TMC of rainwaters. So 252 TMC was going to Tamilnadu all these years. But as per the final verdict Karnataka had to give only 192 TMC. Hence in no way it is loss to Karnataka. There is no use in going on appeal against the Tribunal order, advocates opine. As per Dinamalar special correspondent from New Delhi, Senior Counsel for Karnataka Mr.Nariman and all concerned with this case from Karnataka side have stated that if appeal is made it will go against Karnataka. They feel the Tribunal’s final award is favorable.

As per the fact-finding committee’s report of 1971, Karnataka should get only 177 TMC. As per the agreement made in the presence of Hon’ble Jaga Jivan Ram in 1976, it was recommended that Karnataka would get 239 TMC. But in the final award Karnataka gets 270 TMC. There was also a ban to hike cultivable areas beyond 11.2 lakh hectares. Now that ceiling had been totally withdrawn. Instead of accepting Tamilnadu’s contention that the yardstick to calculate waters should be flow into Mettur Dam, the Tribunal has accepted Billigundlu, the area within Karnataka as calculating point. Only draw back for Karnataka side is they cannot go on arbitrarily constructing new dams.

In spite of a favorable verdict, in spite of lawyer’s who fought the case for Karnataka expressing opinion that the judgment is in their favor, instigated protests are going on in Karnataka. There has been total stoppage of inter state transport. Today i.e. 9 th the Karnataka lorries, buses and cars have started coming into Tamilnadu, which shows and proves once again that Tamils are mature and civilized people. Whereas Tamilnadu transport vehicles could not enter Karnataka. A few handful politicians of Karnataka are raising hue and cry and all Karnataka Governments till date are using it as a ploy to deny Tamilnadu of its legitimate share.

The unity shown by political parties even to defy the Tribunal’s order must be an eye opener to the warring Tamilnadu political parties, who never in the history of Tamilnadu stood up for a public cause sinking petty political differences. This lack of unity and the open invitation to divide and rule Tamils extended by the political parties of Tamilnadu enables Union Government and national parties to impose on Tamil unjust settlements, on many issues including Kacha Theevu and Cauvery.

ONE COUNTRY WITHOUT ONE MARKET

While I met the then Union Minister of Finance Mr.Yaswant Sinha, I had said that while European nations started with various currencies and now joined in one European Union and have single currency, we in Indian Union started with single currency but yet we have not reached one common market. At every state’s borders the check posts will reveal that we are not a single nation or an economic union. The act of Karnataka once again by open defiance of Tribunal order proves that Union Government has no political will to secure justice for Tamils by taming the misguiding Karnataka’s anti-nationals. Nor India is one nation ruled by one Union that can protect all its constituents.

N.Nandhivarman General Secretary Dravida Peravai

PUDUCHERRY LEADS IN TSUNAMI SWINDLE

COMPLAINT TO CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITIES ON TSUNAMI SWINDLE                                                                                                                     

 Dravida Peravai had sent the following complaint to Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Thiru..Manmohan Singh  Hon’ble Home Minster of India Thiru.Shivraj Patil Comptroller and Auditor General of India New Delhi Copy to: His Excellency the Lt.Governor  and   The Chief Secretary, Government of Puducherry.

Nowhere in India democracy will be replaced by lootocracy, and nowhere in India all parties in the assembly will be one party to loot public exchequer. Puducherry being tiny territory could have been administered in much efficient way and with a vision for development. But here the Chief Minister N.Rangasamy has acquired mafia culture and is dividing the spoils of the system to all parties represented in the assembly. Hence people’s woes could not be echoed due to legislator’s dancing to the tunes of the paymaster. This may sound as wild allegation and even breach of privilege could arise over my remarks. But I don’t want the breach of good governance to go unchecked. I don’t want the breach of the constitutional mechanism to accountability be mocked at with immunity. I don’t want, in the absence of right to recall, elected representatives stabbing the people’s expectations behind their back, in order to amass ill-gotten wealth.

The Hon’ble Home Minister of India Mr.Shivraj Patil visited Puducherry and what instructions he gave is known to all in this Administration, more particularly the Chief Minister of Puducherry. If I had to remind for the sake of refreshing the memory of Hon’ble Home Minister of India, I must humbly state that he strictly told that only for projects funds should be spent and in no case ex- gratia payment should be made. Tsunami did not strike yesterday or few days before Home Minister visited Puducherry in 2007. People are not marooned and no urgency exists to hand over cash to the tsunami victims, that too in 2007 February, after a long gap of time for a tsunami that hit on 26 th December of 2004.

 

Few days ago a meeting to Review Tsunami Relief was conducted in the Secretariat of the Pondicherry, wherein almost all Members of the Legislature, in stage-managed operation tutored by the Chief Minister had demanded cash payments to be made through them to whomsoever they identify as tsunami victim. This is gross violation. This is daylight robbery. This is open swindle of public money. This is to openly defy the Union Home Minister’s directions that only for specific purpose and that too only for projects and schemes moneys should be spent. This is using public money to buy the silence of all the legislative members, and to deny the people of respective constituencies their legitimate right to be heard through their representatives. This is seducing all parties and making them corrupt. This is bypassing the administration and to establish parallel administration. This is prelude to convert Puducherry into a princely state, where the King can dispose moneys as he wishes, without having any due respect to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. This is to run Puducherry as feudal state and not as an union territory accountable to Center.

 Dravida Peravai,a party that plays the opposition role in all crises in the decade of its existence, once again sounds the alarm bell. Dravida Peravai prays for the Comptroller and Auditor General to intervene immediately to stall the proposed loot. Dravida Peravai appeals to the Union Government to stop the plunder  with immediate effect. 

In the book published by Union Government on the achievements of Union Territory under UPA government two important observations need to be mentioned. Rajiv Gandhi Package of assistance for Tsunami Affected Persons: Assistance of Rs 155 crore was approved under the package for providing immediate relief such as ex gratia payment, temporary housing, assistance for fishermen etc. Will the Government of India bring out a White paper on how this money was spent in Puducherry. When Tsunami struck Karaikal region and Nagapattinam of Tamilnadu, the most of the moneys should have gone there. But it never went. Under the Right to Information Act, an activist of Consumer Forum in Karaikal had been asking for the quantum of money received by government for tsunami and how it was spent. All authorities as per the hierarchy that is fixed to answer questions under Right to Information act had given only expenses figures, never they gave the figures of the amount received. Is it a state secret? Mr.Nallusamy, the senior citizen of the Consumer Forum is tirelessly knocking the doors after one after one office, till about Karaikal region everything remains shrouded in secrecy.

 

The same book brought out by Press Information Bureau claims: Permanent Shelters for Tsunami Affected persons: A World Bank assisted Project for providing permanent shelters and livelihood programmes for tsunami affected people of Puducherry is under implementation, with an outlay of Rs158 crore. It is envisaged that 8,125 permanent houses will be built in Puducherry with substantial contributions from NGO’s in the effort.

 

While Union Government publication makes tall claims being misled by N.Rangasamy government, The Center for Fisher folk’s Empowerment in a representation to Union Home Minister dated 20.01.2007 states:  “ In Puducherry region there are 15 fishing villages. Out of this, the N.Rangasamy Government has taken steps to build houses only in 5 villages even after a lapse of 2 years that too with the funds provided by NGO’s and Government of Maharastra. The total number of houses needed for these 15 villages are 7350, but the N.Rangasamy Government proposes to build only 4074 houses, whereas the Press Information Bureau publication claims 8125 houses are to be built. Who is fooling whom? Whether the Center is being fooled by N.Rangasamy Government to extract money from World Bank for 8125 houses but actually planning to construct only 4074 houses, thereby trying to loot the balance. ? It is for you to read in between the lines, the famous phrase of Kuldip Nayyar.

 

Hence the most affected Karaikal region wants to separate itself from this misrule. That is why Union Territory status is being sought by Karaikal enclave of Puducherry seperated by 160 kilometers from the Capital Puducherry.

General Secretary Dravida Peravai N.Nandhivarman